Journal of Applied Oral Science
versão On-line ISSN 1678-7765
VALERA, Márcia Carneiro; CAMARGO, Carlos Henrique Ribeiro; CARVALHO, Alessandra Sverberi e GAMA, Eduardo Ramalho Pereira. In vitro evaluation of apical microleakage using different root-end filling materials. J. Appl. Oral Sci. [online]. 2006, vol.14, n.1, pp. 49-52. ISSN 1678-7765. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-77572006000100010.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the apical leakage of retrograde cavities filled with Portland Cement (Concrebrás S/A-MG-Brazil), ProRoot MTATM (Dentsply International, Johnson City, TN, USA) and Sealapex (Kerr Corporation, Orange, California, USA) with addition of zinc oxide (Odahcam Herpo Produtos Dentários Ltda, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil). Forty-two extracted single-rooted human teeth were decoronated and used for this study. The root canals were instrumented at 1.0mm short of the apical foramen using the step-back technique to an apical ISO size 60. The roots were obturated with gutta-percha points and sealer Sealapex (Kerr Corporation-USA) and then 3mm of each root apex was sectioned at a 90° angle. Ultrasonic retrograde preparation was performed with a diamond tip to 3mm depth and the roots were randomly divided into 3 groups according to the filling material: G1-Portland, G2-ProRoot MTA, G3- Sealapex zinc oxide-added cement. The root surfaces were covered with nail varnish up to 2mm from the apical foramen, immersed in simulated tissue fluid for 30 days, and then immersed in 0.2% Rhodamine B solution for 24 hours for evaluation of marginal leakage. The results showed mean leakage of 0.75, 0.35 and 0.35 for groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively; however, Kruskal-Wallis test revealed that there was no statistically significant difference among the results (p>0.05).
Palavras-chave : Dental leakage; Root canal filling materials; Retrograde obturation.