Journal of Applied Oral Science
versão On-line ISSN 1678-7765
MONDELLI, Rafael Francisco Lia; ISHIKIRIAMA, Sérgio Kiyoshi; OLIVEIRA FILHO, Otávio de e MONDELLI, José. Fracture resistance of weakened teeth restored with condensable resin with and without cusp coverage. J. Appl. Oral Sci. [online]. 2009, vol.17, n.3, pp. 161-165. ISSN 1678-7765. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-77572009000300006.
OBJECTIVES: This in vitro study evaluated the fracture resistance of weakened human premolars (MOD cavity preparation and pulp chamber roof removal) restored with condensable resin composite with and without cusp coverage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty human maxillary premolars were divided into three groups: Group A (control), sound teeth; Group B, wide MOD cavities prepared and the pulp chamber roof removed and restored with resin composite without cusp coverage; Group C, same as Group B with 2.0 mm of buccal and palatal cusps reduced and restored with the same resin. The teeth were included in metal rings with self-curing acrylic resin, stored in water for 24 h and thereafter subjected to a compressive axial load in a universal testing machine at 0.5 mm/min. RESULTS: The mean fracture resistance values ± standart deviation (kgf) were: group A: 151.40 ± 55.32, group B: 60.54 ± 12.61, group C: 141.90 ± 30.82. Statistically significant differences were found only between Group B and the other groups (p<0.05). The condensable resin restoration of weakened human premolars with cusp coverage significantly increased the fracture resistance of the teeth as compared to teeth restored without cusp coverage. CONCLUSION: The results showed that cusp coverage with condensable resin might be a safe option for restoring weakened endodontically treated teeth.
Palavras-chave : Composite resins; Nonvital tooth; Compressive strength.