Journal of Applied Oral Science
On-line version ISSN 1678-7765
SCARIOT, Rafaela et al. Maxillofacial injuries in a group of Brazilian subjects under 18 years of age. J. Appl. Oral Sci. [online]. 2009, vol.17, n.3, pp. 195-198. ISSN 1678-7765. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-77572009000300012.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform a clinical retrospective analysis of the etiology, incidence and treatment of selected oral and maxillofacial injuries in Brazilian children and adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was conducted during a 14-year period between 1986 and 2000. All patients were admitted to Hospital XV in the city of Curitiba, State of Paraná. Age, gender, monthly distribution, etiology, soft injuries, associated injuries, site of fractures and methods of treatment were reviewed. RESULTS: Of the total of 350 patients of all ages treated for facial injuries, 29.42% were within the age range of the study (0 to 18 years). Mean age was 10.61. Of the patients, 63.1% were male. The most common cause of injury was accidental falls (37.87%), followed by bicycle and motorcycle accidents (21.36%). Of the 103 patients, 88.34% had single injuries. Mandibular fractures were the most common and the condylar region was particularly affected. CONCLUSIONS: Facial trauma is a relatively common occurrence in children. The study indicates that fractures in children and adolescents differ quite considerably from an adult population.
Keywords : Facial injury; Dental trauma; Fracture; Children; Adolescents.