Journal of Applied Oral Science
Print version ISSN 1678-7757
OROSCO, Fernando Accorsi et al. Sealing ability, marginal adaptation and their correlation using three root-end filling materials as apical plugs. J. Appl. Oral Sci. [online]. 2010, vol.18, n.2, pp. 127-134. ISSN 1678-7757. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-77572010000200006.
OBJECTIVE: This study used dye leakage assay and scanning electron microscopy to evaluate, respectively, the sealing ability and marginal adaptation of three root-end filling materials used as apical plugs, as well as the possible correlation between these properties. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-eight single-rooted human teeth were prepared to simulate an open apex. The teeth were allocated to three experimental groups (n = 30), which received a 5-mm thick apical plug of (1) gray MTA AngelusTM, (2) CPMTM and (3) MBPc, and two controls groups (n = 4). After immersion in 0.2% Rhodamine B solution for 48 h, the teeth were sectioned longitudinally and analyzed by Image Tool 3.0 software. The marginal adaptation between apical plugs and the root canal walls were analyzed by SEM. RESULTS: MBPc had significantly less (p<0.05) apical leakage than the other materials. Regarding marginal adaptation, CPMTM showed the best numerical results, though without statistical significance from the other materials (p<0.05). There was no correlation between the two properties. CONCLUSIONS: When used as apical plugs, the tested root-end filling materials had similar marginal adaptation to the dentin walls, but MBPc had the best sealing ability, as demonstrated by the least apical leakage from all tested materials.
Keywords : Sealing ability; Marginal adaptation; Root-end filling materials.