Journal of Applied Oral Science
versión impresa ISSN 1678-7757
NISHIOKA, Renato Sussumu et al. Machined and plastic copings in three-element prostheses with different types of implantabutment joints: a strain gauge comparative analysis. J. Appl. Oral Sci. [online]. 2010, vol.18, n.3, pp. 225-230. ISSN 1678-7757. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-77572010000300005.
OBJECTIVE: Using strain gauge (SG) analysis, the aim of this in vitro study was quantify the strain development during the fixation of three-unit screw implant-supported fixed partial dentures, varying the types of implant-abutment joints and the type of prosthetic coping. The hypotheses were that the type of hexagonal connection would generate different microstrains and the type of copings would produce similar microstrains after prosthetic screws had been tightened onto microunit abutments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three dental implants with external (EH) and internal (IH) hexagonal configurations were inserted into two polyurethane blocks. Microunit abutments were screwed onto their respective implant groups, applying a torque of 20 Ncm. Machined Co-Cr copings (M) and plastic prosthetic copings (P) were screwed onto the abutments, which received standard wax patterns. The wax patterns were cast in Co-Cr alloy (n=5), forming four groups: G1) EH/M; G2) EH/P; G3) IH/M and G4) IH/P. Four SGs were bonded onto the surface of the block tangentially to the implants, SG 1 mesially to implant 1, SG 2 and SG 3 mesially and distally to implant 2, respectively, and SG 4 distally to implant 3. The superstructure's occlusal screws were tightened onto microunit abutments with 10 Ncm torque using a manual torque driver. The magnitude of microstrain on each SG was recorded in units of microstrain (µε). The data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey's test (p<0.05). RESULTS: Microstrain values of each group were: G1= 338.1±223.0 µε; G2= 363.9±190.9 µε; G3= 415.1±53.5 IE; G4= 363.9±190.9 µε. No statistically signifcant difference was found between EH and IH, regardless of the type of copings (p>0.05). The hypotheses were partially accepted. CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that the type of hexagonal connection and coping presented similar mechanical behavior under tightening conditions.
Palabras llave : Biomechanics; Dental implants; Dental prosthesis; Implant-supported dental prosthesis.