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Ambiente Construído

On-line version ISSN 1678-8621

Abstract

ANDRADE JUNIOR, Jairo Ribas et al. Evaluation of wood roof structures of industrial shed for chemicals stock. Ambient. constr. [online]. 2014, vol.14, n.3, pp.75-85. ISSN 1678-8621.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1678-86212014000300006.

This research work aims to assess the structural integrity of 70-year old wood roof components of a industrial shed for chemicals stock, located in the State of São Paulo (Brazil), as well as to point out possible solutions for the existing problems. This study estimated the influence of chemicals deposited on the surface of the structural elements, and identified the wood species used in the design, by performing physical (density) and mechanical tests (compression strength, and shear strength in the parallel direction to the grain). The problems identified were: (a) moisture due to broken tiles; (b) deterioration of the wood surface due to the chemical reaction between the stored products and structure; (c) wood-dowels with incomplete installation; (d) lack of supporting elements in some of the purlins; (e) irregular perpendicular bracing of trusses; and (f) deterioration of the fastening nails by oxidation. Based on the direct observation of the problems, most solutions seem to be relatively easy to perform, since the structures were not severely damaged. Regarding the wood species, the results of mechanical properties associated with physical characteristics indicated that Peroba-Rosa (Aspidospermapolyneuron) wood species was used. The statistical analysis indicated that the influence of the chemical products in the performance of the roof structure was not considered to be significant.

Keywords : Wood; Roof structures; Industrial sheds; Deterioration; Inspection.

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