Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases
versão On-line ISSN 1678-9199
ORSI, R. O.; SFORCIN, J. M.; FUNARI, S. R. C. e GOMES, J. C.. Effect of propolis extract on guines pig lung mast cell. J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis [online]. 2005, vol.11, n.1, pp. 76-83. ISSN 1678-9199. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-91992005000100009.
The direct effect of ethanolic extract of propolis on guinea pig lung cell suspension containing mast cells, as well as its influence on the histamine release induced by antigen (ovoalbumin 10 mg/ml) and ionophore A 23187 (3 mM) were investigated. Propolis ethanolic extract (300 mg/ml) increased the histamine release in guinea pig lung suspension containing mast cells by a cytotoxic effect. Lower concentrations of propolis had no effect on histamine release. Our results demonstrated that propolis (3, 10, 30, and 100 mg/ml) shows no significant effect on the histamine release induced by ionophore and antigen. Based on these results, we suggest that propolis could directly activate mast cells, promoting inflammatory mediators release by cytotoxic mechanisms, what could be related to allergic processes in propolis sensitive people.
Palavras-chave : mast cells; allergy; histamine; propolis.