Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases
versión On-line ISSN 1678-9199
LOPES, JA et al. Intradermal injection of Bothrops cotiara venom in mice in an experimental wound model. J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis [online]. 2012, vol.18, n.1, pp.73-82. ISSN 1678-9199. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-91992012000100009.
Bothropic envenomation induces hemorrhage, coagulant disturbances and necrosis. Regarding therapies against the local damage caused by the venom, there is little information on tissue changes until the complete healing. In the current study, local damage was evaluated by examination of morphological inflammatory alterations, mast cell count, and analysis of collagen deposition. Bleeding was evident four hours after inoculation. After 24 hours, a large area of injury appeared presenting disorganized tissue, significant hemorrhage and acute inflammation. After three days, the damaged area was extensive, with a large amount of inflammatory cells and the presence of scab. In seven days, healing and reepithelization process started. And, 21 days later, the epithelium showed less infiltration and no skin appendages. The number of mast cells was similar to control after four hours, with a drop of 50% at 24 hours, followed by an increase until the 21st day. No differences of collagen deposition were observed among experimental groups. Taken together, wound healing after intradermal injection of Bothrops cotiara venom in mice follows similar parameters to wounds caused by other bothropic venoms. The present work reveals the importance of experimental wound models to the study of neutralizing agents against venom toxins.
Palabras clave : Bothrops venom; wound healing; inflammation; local damage.