Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases
On-line version ISSN 1678-9199
JAMUNAA, A et al. Cytotoxicity of Southeast Asian snake venoms. J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis [online]. 2012, vol.18, n.2, pp.150-156. ISSN 1678-9199. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-91992012000200004.
Cytotoxicity of venoms from eleven medically important snakes found in Southeast Asia (Naja kaouthia, Naja siamensis, Naja sumatrana, Ophiophagus hannah, Bungarus candidus, Bungarus fasciatus, Enhydrina schistosa, Calloselasma rhodostoma, Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus and Tropidolaemus sumatranus) was determined, based on the MTS cytotoxicity assay, which determines the survival of viable cells in monolayer MDCK and Vero cell cultures upon exposure to the snake venoms. Snake venom toxicity was expressed as the venom dose that killed 50% of the cells (CTC50) under the assay conditions. Venoms of C. rhodostoma (2.6 µg/mL, 1.4 µg/mL) and O. hannah were the most cytotoxic (3.8 µg/mL, 1.7 µg/mL) whereas N. siamensis venom showed the least cytotoxicity (51.9 µg/mL, 45.7 µg/mL) against Vero and MDCK cells, respectively. All the viper venoms showed higher cytotoxic potency towards both Vero and MDCK cell lines, in comparison to krait and cobra venoms. E. schistosa did not cause cytotoxicity towards MDCK or Vero cells at the tested concentrations. The cytotoxicity correlates well with the known differences in the composition of venoms from cobras, kraits, vipers and sea snakes.
Keywords : cytotoxicity; snake venom; vipers; elapids; kraits.