Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases
On-line version ISSN 1678-9199
SANTOS, GM et al. Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis is the main species causing cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Federal District of Brazil. J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis [online]. 2012, vol.18, n.3, pp. 340-343. ISSN 1678-9199. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-91992012000300012.
The first autochthonous case of American cutaneous leishmaniasis was reported in the Federal District in 1980, and the species involved in this type of leishmaniasis was unknown. This study aimed to identify the species that causes the disease in the Federal District and to investigate its clinical and epidemiological aspects. Between 2000 and 2007, 71 autochthonous cases of leishmaniasis were reported in the Federal District. Leishmania species were identified by means of direct immunofluorescence reactions using monoclonal antibodies and restriction fragment length polymorphism. The species of 40 (56.33%) out of 71 samples were identified. Thirty-six (90%) were identified as Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis and four (10%) were identified as Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis. In this area, the disease had clinical and epidemiological characteristics similar to those found in other Brazilian regions.
Keywords : American cutaneous leishmaniasis; Leishmania Viannia braziliensis; Federal District; autochthonous cases.