Einstein (São Paulo)
Print version ISSN 1679-4508
BARBOSA JUNIOR, Alcino Alves; ELLOVITCH, Saada Resende de Souza and PINCERATO, Rita de Cassia Maciel. Imaging findings and cerebral perfusion in arterial ischemic stroke due to transient cerebral arteriopathy in children. Einstein (São Paulo) [online]. 2012, vol.10, n.2, pp. 239-241. ISSN 1679-4508. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1679-45082012000200021.
We report the case of a 4-year-old female child who developed an arterial ischemic stroke in the left middle cerebral artery territory, due to a proximal stenosis of the supraclinoid internal carotid artery, most probably related to transient cerebral arteriopathy of childhood. Computed tomography scan, magnetic resonance imaging, perfusion magnetic resonance and magnetic resonance angiography are presented, as well as follow-up by magnetic resonance and magnetic resonance angiography exams. Changes in cerebral perfusion and diffusion-perfusion mismatch call attention. As far as we know, this is the first report of magnetic resonance perfusion findings in transient cerebral arteriopathy.
Keywords : Stroke; Brain ischemia; Perfusion imaging; Magnetic resonance angiography; Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging; Child; Case reports.