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Einstein (São Paulo)

Print version ISSN 1679-4508On-line version ISSN 2317-6385

Abstract

DANTAS, Endilly Maria da Silva; PINTO, Cristiane Jordânia; FREITAS, Rodrigo Pegado de Abreu  and  MEDEIROS, Anna Cecília Queiroz de. Agreement in cardiovascular risk rating based on anthropometric parameters. Einstein (São Paulo) [online]. 2015, vol.13, n.3, pp.376-380. ISSN 1679-4508.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-45082015AO3349.

Objective

To investigate the agreement in evaluation of risk of developing cardiovascular diseases based on anthropometric parameters in young adults.

Methods

The study included 406 students, measuring weight, height, and waist and neck circumferences. Waist-to-height ratio and the conicity index. The kappa coefficient was used to assess agreement in risk classification for cardiovascular diseases. The positive and negative specific agreement values were calculated as well. The Pearson chi-square (χ2) test was used to assess associations between categorical variables (p<0.05).

Results

The majority of the parameters assessed (44%) showed slight (k=0.21 to 0.40) and/or poor agreement (k<0.20), with low values of negative specific agreement. The best agreement was observed between waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio both for the general population (k=0.88) and between sexes (k=0.93 to 0.86). There was a significant association (p<0.001) between the risk of cardiovascular diseases and females when using waist circumference and conicity index, and with males when using neck circumference. This resulted in a wide variation in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk (5.5%-36.5%), depending on the parameter and the sex that was assessed.

Conclusion

The results indicate variability in agreement in assessing risk for cardiovascular diseases, based on anthropometric parameters, and which also seems to be influenced by sex. Further studies in the Brazilian population are required to better understand this issue.

Keywords : Anthropometry; Body weights and measures; Cardiovascular diseases; Risk assessment; Sex.

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