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Print version ISSN 1679-6225On-line version ISSN 1982-0224
LIMA, Flávio C. T.; WOSIACKI, Wolmar B. and RAMOS, Cristiane S.. Hemigrammus arua, a new species of characid (Characiformes: Characidae) from the lower Amazon, Brazil. Neotrop. ichthyol. [online]. 2009, vol.7, n.2, pp.153-160. ISSN 1679-6225. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1679-62252009000200004.
A new Hemigrammus species is described from tributaries of the igarapé Juruti Grande and rio Arapiuns, lower rio Amazonas, Pará State, Brazil. The new species can be easily diagnosed from all its congeners, except from Hemigrammus stictus (Durbin), by possessing a single, large humeral spot which extends longitudinally from the fifth or sixth to the posterior margin of eighth to tenth, lateral line scales. It can be distinguished from Hemigrammus stictus by possessing a pronounced upper, anteriorly-oriented extension in the humeral blotch, conferring an inverted-comma shape to it, and by displaying a distinct life color pattern.
Keywords : Hemigrammus stictus; Rio Arapiuns; Igarapé Juruti Grande; Lower Amazon; Humeral blotch.