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Neotropical Ichthyology

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Abstract

MENDONCA, Fernando Fernandes; OLIVEIRA, Claudio; GADIG, Otto Bismarck Fazzano  and  FORESTI, Fausto. Populations analysis of the Brazilian Sharpnose Shark Rhizoprionodon lalandii (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhinidae) on the São Paulo coast, Southern Brazil: inferences from mt DNA sequences. Neotrop. ichthyol. [online]. 2009, vol.7, n.2, pp. 213-216. ISSN 1679-6225.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1679-62252009000200012.

Sharks of the genus Rhizoprionodon can be considered some of the most important predators along the trophic coastal marine ecosystems and represent an important economic resource for the small-scale fisheries, especially on the Brazilian coastline. In order to analyze the population structure of the shark Rhizoprionodon lalandii of São Paulo, Southeastern coast of Brazil, levels of genetic diversity were identified by nucleotide sequence analyses of the mitochondrial DNA control region. The results obtained from this study present moderate values of haplotype diversity and low nucleotide diversity. Although the AMOVA tests (ΦST = 0.08394, P < 0.01) had shown slightly differences among the studied samples, evidence for the occurrence of population structuring was not found, which may be a general feature of sharks living in coastal areas.

Keywords : D-loop; Haplotypes; Mitochondrial control region; Shark conservation.

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