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Neotropical Ichthyology

Print version ISSN 1679-6225

Abstract

SCHAAN, Andrea B.; GIORA, Júlia  and  FIALHO, Clarice B.. Reproductive biology of the Neotropical electric fish Brachyhypopomus draco (Teleostei: Hypopomidae) from southern Brazil. Neotrop. ichthyol. [online]. 2009, vol.7, n.4, pp. 737-744. ISSN 1679-6225.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1679-62252009000400023.

The reproductive biology of a population of the weakly electric fish Brachyhypopomus draco from southern Brazil is described. Information is provided on the establishment of the reproductive period in this species and its relations with environmental and feeding factors, as well as on the absolute and relative fecundities, spawning type, sex ratio and sexual dimorphism. The species exhibits a relatively long reproductive period, a relative fecundity of 0.173 oocytes per mg of female total weight, and fractional spawning. The sex ratio did not differ from 1:1 during all sampled months. Sexual dimorphism related to hypertrophy of the male's distal portion of caudal filament was observed and males grew to greater lengths than females. Male gonadosomatic index (GSI) was significantly related to water depth, oxygen saturation and temperature. Female GSI was significantly related to water depth and hepatosomatic index.

Keywords : Reproduction; Gymnotiformes; Abiotic factors; Laguna dos Patos system; Parque Estadual de Itapuã.

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