Brazilian Journal of Oceanography
On-line version ISSN 1982-436X
CARAMANTIN-SORIANO, Hilda; VEGA-PEREZ, Luz Amelia and NIQUEN, Miguel. Growth parameters and mortality rate of the Scomber japonicus peruanus (Jordán & Hubb, 1925) along the Peruvian coast, South Pacific. Braz. j. oceanogr. [online]. 2008, vol.56, n.3, pp. 201-210. ISSN 1982-436X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1679-87592008000300005.
The growth parameters and the mortality rates of the Scomber japonicus peruanus (Chub mackerel) were studied based on monthly data of frequency of fork length classes obtained from commercial landings off the Peruvian coast from 1996 to 1998. The asymptotic body length and growth rate values obtained by the ELEFAN I (Electronic Length Frequency Analysis) ranged from 40.20 cm to 42.20 cm and from 0.38 to 0.39, respectively. The oscillation amplitude was 0.60; the Winter point values varied from 0.50 to 0.60 and the performance index from 2.79 to 2.84. The total mortality rate of the Chub mackerel obtained by the linearized catch curve oscillated between 1.68 and 3.35. The rate of fishing mortality varied from 1.16 to 2.78 and the exploitation rate from 0.68 to 0.84. The annual rate of natural mortality estimated by the Pauly's method ranged from 0.52 to 0.53. The results obtained allow us to conclude that the longevity of the Chub mackerel was slightly over seven years.
Keywords : Scombridae; Chub mackerel; Growth; Mortality rate; South-Pacific.