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Brazilian Journal of Oceanography

versão On-line ISSN 1982-436X

Resumo

PARISE, Cláudia Klose; CALLIARI, Lauro Júlio  e  KRUSCHE, Nisia. Extreme storm surges in the south of Brazil: atmospheric conditions and shore erosion. Braz. j. oceanogr. [online]. 2009, vol.57, n.3, pp.175-188. ISSN 1982-436X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1679-87592009000300002.

The region under study is regularly subject to the occurrence of storms associated with frontal systems and extratropical cyclones, since it is located near one of the cyclogenetic regions in South America. These storms can generate storm surges that cause anomalous high sea level rises on Cassino Beach. The use of reanalysis data along with an efficient technique for the location of the cyclone, using a vorticity threshold, has provided a new classification based upon the trajectories of events that produce positive sea level variation. Three patterns have been identified: 1) Cyclogenesis to the south of Argentina with displacement to the east and a trajectory between 47.5ºS and 57.5ºS; 2) Cyclogenesis to the south of Uruguay with displacement to the east and a trajectory between 35ºS and 42.5ºS; and 3) Cyclogenesis to the south of Uruguay with displacement to the southeast and a trajectory between 35ºS and 57.5ºS. Maximum water level elevation above the mean sea level and beach erosion were associated, respectively, with winter and summer storms. Cassino beach displayed a seasonal morphological behavior, with short periods of episodic erosion associated with winter storm events followed by long periods of accretion characterized by the dominance of fair weather conditions.

Palavras-chave : Storm surge; Extratropical cyclone; Erosion.

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