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Brazilian Journal of Oceanography

versão On-line ISSN 1982-436X

Resumo

RAMOS, Rômulo José; TRAVASSOS, Marcelo Poças  e  LEITE, Gustavo Rocha. Characterization of macrofauna associated with articulated calcareous algae (Corallinaceae, rhodophyta) occurring in a hydrodynamic gradient on the espírito santo state coast, brazil. Braz. j. oceanogr. [online]. 2010, vol.58, n.4, pp.275-285. ISSN 1982-436X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1679-87592010000400003.

The aims of this study were to characterize the macrofauna associated with the articulated calcareous algae occurring on a hydrodynamic gradient off the Vitória metropolitan area, Espírito Santo State, Brazil, and to describe its temporal distribution. Physicochemical variables were measured in situ, and samples of sediment, water and phytal were taken from three sites along the coast in August and November 2005 (winter and spring, respectively) and in February and May 2006 (summer and fall, respectively). Twenty random samples were taken from the rocky surface in the lower midlittoral zone at each site, each season. Six species of articulated algae harboring 9,651 animal specimens distributed among 189 taxa were collected. The dominant taxonomic groups were Mollusca, Polychaeta and Crustacea. The main patterns revealed by statistical analysis related to differences in the abundance and richness at the sample sites, as well as to the correlation between the physicochemical variables and community distance matrices, indicating the importance of the physicochemical variables in the differentiation of the communities. Results also indicated that the variable which most influenced the physicochemical and community properties was the hydrodynamic character of the sites: a high level of hydrodynamism resulting in the calcareous algae´s sheltering a lower abundance and diversity of animal species than a lower level one.

Palavras-chave : Rocky shore; Phytal; Calcareous algae; Associated fauna; Hydrodynamism; Organic matter.

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