Brazilian Journal of Oceanography
On-line version ISSN 1982-436X
ULA, Ali et al. A new artificial reef design for octopus (Octopus vulgaris cuvier, 1797) in the Aegean sea and preliminary results. Braz. j. oceanogr. [online]. 2011, vol.59, n.spe1, pp. 21-25. ISSN 1982-436X.
This study was carried out in the Gulf of 0zmir in the Aegean Sea between June 2006 and November 2008. The purpose was the creation of a new concept of the artificial reef for Octopus vulgaris, with a view to establishing new artificial reef sites to be used in the fisheries management of this species (MPA, NTZ or fishing areas). First, the main characteristics of natural octopus nests were recorded (entrance width, length, etc.) by divers. These characteristics were used in the construction of new octahedral artificial reef blocks. The blocks were made of reinforced concrete, in a shape like that of an inverted pyramid, with an upper surface of 100x100x25 cm3 and a lower one of 60x60 cm2. Four cylindrical holes each with two ellipsoidal openings were placed in one face and in the lateral edge of the octo-block, to serve as the entrances to the artificial nest. Each nest has a volume of 5000 cm3. Eighty octo-blocks were deployed as artificial reefs at 10 m from each other at 15 different depths at two sites by divers with the help of the winch of the R/V EGESUF. These artificial octo-reefs were censused by direct observation. Twenty-eight octopuses were sampled at the end of 25 dives. Minimum mantle length of the octopuses was 75 mm and the maximum 249 mm, with an average of 152.71 mm. The average total length was calculated to be 918.57 mm. The weight of the specimens was between 244 g and 7140 g with an average of 2335.43 g. The results showed that both sites were inhabited by octopuses coming from the artificial reefs, which used them as nests. These nests seem to have constituted special places for fisheries management and will permit the assessment of reserve areas or marine protection areas (MPA), thus opening up a new perspective for Turkish fisheries.
Keywords : Octopus; Octopus vulgaris; Artificial Octo-reefs; Aegean Sea; Fisheries management; MPA: Marine protected area, NTZ: No Take ZoneZone.