Brazilian Journal of Oceanography
On-line version ISSN 1982-436X
LINO, Pedro G. et al. The African hind's (Cephalopholis taeniops, serranidae) use of artificial reefs off sal island (Cape Verde): a preliminary study based on acoustic telemetry. Braz. j. oceanogr. [online]. 2011, vol.59, n.spe1, pp. 69-76. ISSN 1982-436X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1679-87592011000500009.
The African hind Cephalopholis taeniops (Valenciennes, 1828) is one of the most important commercial demersal species caught in the Cape Verde archipelago. The species is closely associated with hard substrate and is one of the main attractions for SCUBA divers. In January 2006 a former Soviet fishing vessel - the Kwarcit - was sunk off Santa Maria Bay (Sal Island). Young C. taeniops are commonly observed in this artificial reef (AR). In order to investigate the species' use of the AR, 4 specimens were captured and surgically implanted underwater with Vemco brand acoustic transmitters. The fish were monitored daily with an active telemetry receiver for one week after release. Simultaneously, an array of 3 passive VR2 / VR2W receivers was set for 63 days, registering data that allowed an analysis of spatial, daily and short term temporal activity patterns. The results showed site fidelity to the AR, with no migrations to the nearby natural reef. The method used allowed to register a consistent higher activity during daytime and a preference for the area opposite the dominant current.
Keywords : Cephalopholis taeniops; Vessel reef; Cape Verde; Activity pattern; Acoustic telemetry.