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Brazilian Journal of Oceanography
On-line version ISSN 1982-436X
AZEVEDO, Juliana Souza et al. Evidence of contamination by oil and oil products in the Santos-São Vicente estuary, São Paulo, Brazil. Braz. j. oceanogr. [online]. 2012, vol.60, n.2, pp.117-126. ISSN 1982-436X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1679-87592012000200002.
Different components of the mixed function oxidase (MFO) system and the levels of fluorescent aromatic compounds in bile (FACs) were measured in Cathorops spixii in order to assess the impact of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Fish were sampled in an estuary (Santos/São Vicente) with a history of contamination by PAHs, mainly due to the presence of the industrial complex of Cubatão city and of another of low anthropogenic influence (Cananéia) on the Brazilian coast. FACs were higher in fish from the polluted site, and the PAH 5 and 6-ring metabolites were the most frequent - with 14% and 15%, respectively. Levels of the different components of the MFO system showed the same variation profile as the FACs for both estuaries. Therefore, the values found for somatic indexes and biomarkers with data of bile PAH metabolites indicate the presence of organic contaminants, especially in the area subject to the influence of the industrial complex on the Santos/São Vicente estuary.
Keywords : Fluorescent aromatic compounds; Cytochrome P450; MFO system; Cathorops spixii; Brazilian coast.