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Revista Dor

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BARRETO, Renato de Freitas et al. Pain and epidemiologic evaluation of patients seen by the first aid unit of a teaching hospital. Rev. dor [online]. 2012, vol.13, n.3, pp.213-219. ISSN 1806-0013.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pain is s major reason for seeking emergency care. However it is not always accurately evaluated, documented and managed. This study aimed at describing the epidemiologic profile, the characterization of pain, the analgesic treatment instituted and the satisfaction of patients seen by the first aid unit (FA) of a Teaching Hospital (TH). METHOD: This is a prospective transversal study carried out with 309 patients seen by the FA/TH of the Federal University, Triângulo Mineiro (UFTM). Information was collected as from a tool with identification, socio-demographic data, pain evaluation by the pain numerical scale (PNS), analgesics prescription and satisfaction with analgesia. RESULTS: There has been predominance of Caucasian males with basic education. Mean age was 46.7 years. Unemployed were 10% and retired 15%. Pain prevalence was 45.6%. Major causes: traumas, abdominal pain, headache, bites by venomous animals and vasculopathies. Approximately 5% of patients were seen with less than 1 hour of pain and 40% with more than 72 hours. Most common sites were abdomen (25.2%) and lower limbs (MMII) (23.4%). Pain was severe in two thirds of patients, with mean intensity at admission of 7.8 ± 2.1 by PNS. Improvement time after analgesia: less than 30 minutes for 25% of patients. There has been no analgesic prescription for 17.7% of cases. Most prescribed analgesic was dipirone, with or without association. Only 30% had pain resolution. In spite of these data, half the patients reported being happy with analgesia. CONCLUSION: Pain was highly prevalent during first aid visits, was poorly valued and undertreated, with low resolution rate and inadequate analgesics prescription.

Keywords : Analgesia; First aid unit; Pain prevalence; Pain management.

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