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Revista Brasileira de Ensino de Física

Print version ISSN 1806-1117On-line version ISSN 1806-9126

Abstract

PORTO, C.M.  and  PORTO, M.B.D.S.M.. Evolution of the cosmological thought and the birth of Modern Science. Rev. Bras. Ensino Fís. [online]. 2008, vol.30, n.4, pp.4601.1-4601.9. ISSN 1806-1117.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-11172008000400015.

In this work we present an exposition on the process of transformation that led from Aristotle's qualitative science, founded on philosophical principles, to modern science, which rests on a combination of empiricism and mathematization, process whose highest expression is given by Newton's work. We present how Aristotelian-Ptolemaic Cosmos, rigidly ordered according to metaphysical criteria, was replaced by a new Universe, completely deprived from concepts of finality and value and governed by a mechanical causality, expressed through mathematical laws. We show how Copernican revolution had gone beyond the limits of astronomy and had promoted a wide transformation on scientific thought that led to the birth of Newtonian physics.

Keywords : gravitation; cosmology; mechanics; scientific revolution.

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