SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.30 issue4Interactive equipments: a contribution of contemporary centers and museums of science for the formal scientific educationStar rotation and its effect on spectral lines author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Revista Brasileira de Ensino de Física

Print version ISSN 1806-1117On-line version ISSN 1806-9126


PORTO, C.M.  and  PORTO, M.B.D.S.M.. Evolution of the cosmological thought and the birth of Modern Science. Rev. Bras. Ensino Fís. [online]. 2008, vol.30, n.4, pp.4601.1-4601.9. ISSN 1806-1117.

In this work we present an exposition on the process of transformation that led from Aristotle's qualitative science, founded on philosophical principles, to modern science, which rests on a combination of empiricism and mathematization, process whose highest expression is given by Newton's work. We present how Aristotelian-Ptolemaic Cosmos, rigidly ordered according to metaphysical criteria, was replaced by a new Universe, completely deprived from concepts of finality and value and governed by a mechanical causality, expressed through mathematical laws. We show how Copernican revolution had gone beyond the limits of astronomy and had promoted a wide transformation on scientific thought that led to the birth of Newtonian physics.

Keywords : gravitation; cosmology; mechanics; scientific revolution.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in Portuguese     · Portuguese ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License