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Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-3756
RIBEIRO, Cláudia Maria Cunha et al. Hydrostatic pulmonary edema: high-resolution computed tomography aspects. J. bras. pneumol. [online]. 2006, vol.32, n.6, pp. 515-522. ISSN 1806-3756. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-37132006000600008.
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to use high-resolution computed tomography scans of the chest to characterize the principal alterations occurring in cases of hydrostatic pulmonary edema. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was made of the tomography scans of 15 patients presenting clinical profiles of hydrostatic pulmonary edema. The cases were divided into five groups by etiology: congestive heart failure (n = 7); acute mitral valve disease (n = 2); acute myocardial infarction (n = 2); myocarditis (n = 2); and fibrosing mediastinitis (n = 2). RESULTS: The principal findings in the cases of hydrostatic pulmonary edema were ground-glass opacities (in 100%), interlobular septal thickening (in 100%), pleural effusion (in 87%) and peribronchovascular interstitial thickening (in 80%). Other, less common, findings were increased blood vessel diameter, consolidations and air-space nodules. CONCLUSION: The predominant pattern found in the patients studied was that of ground-glass opacities accompanied by interlobular septal thickening (mosaic attenuation pattern) and bilateral (predominantly right-sided) pleural effusion.
Keywords : Pulmonary edema; Tomography, X-ray computed; Lung diseases.