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Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia

versão impressa ISSN 1806-3713

Resumo

BERGONSE NETO, Nelson et al. Mechanical model for simulating the conditioning of air in the respiratory tract. J. bras. pneumol. [online]. 2007, vol.33, n.3, pp. 255-262. ISSN 1806-3713.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-37132007000300005.

OBJECTIVE: To create a mechanical model that could be regulated to simulate the conditioning of inspired and expired air with the same normal values of temperature, pressure, and relative humidity as those of the respiratory system of a healthy young man on mechanical ventilation. METHODS: Using several types of materials, a mechanical device was built and regulated using normal values of vital capacity, tidal volume, maximal inspiratory pressure, positive end-expiratory pressure, and gas temperature in the system. The device was submitted to mechanical ventilation for a period of 29.8 min. The changes in the temperature of the air circulating in the system were recorded every two seconds. RESULTS: The statistical analysis of the data collected revealed that the device was approximately as efficient in the conditioning of air as is the respiratory system of a human being. CONCLUSION: By the study endpoint, we had developed a mechanical device capable of simulating the conditioning of air in the respiratory tract. The device mimics the conditions of temperature, pressure, and relative humidity seen in the respiratory system of healthy individuals.

Palavras-chave : Thermodynamics; Respiration, artificial; Temperature.

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