Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia
versão On-line ISSN 1806-3756
SOUZA, Fabiana Barbosa Assumpção de et al. Peculiarities of tuberculosis control in a scenario of urban violence in a disadvantaged community in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. J. bras. pneumol. [online]. 2007, vol.33, n.3, pp. 318-322. ISSN 1806-3756. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-37132007000300014.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the difficulties and peculiarities encountered by health professionals during the treatment and investigation of contacts of tuberculosis (TB) patients in disadvantaged communities. METHODS: A qualitative study carried out at health care facilities in Health Programming Area 1.0, located in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which has a TB incidence rate of 240/100,000 inhabitants. From among the professionals responsible for visiting and treating TB cases and their contacts, two home visit agents and one clinical nurse were selected to be interviewed for the study. Data were transcribed and structured in the form of quotations, emphasizing the predominant ideas. RESULTS: The central ideas focus on the issue of violence, one significant facet of which is the set of rules imposed by narcotraffickers, and on the barriers to the movement of patients/health professionals for TB treatment, as well as on public safety (police). CONCLUSION: This study provides public health officials, as well as institutions that graduate health professionals, data for reflection and analysis of the difficulties that urban violence creates for the control of TB in a disadvantaged community.
Palavras-chave : Tuberculosis; Prevention and control; Violence; Directly observed therapy; Community health nursing.