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Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia

On-line version ISSN 1806-3756


ISHIKAWA, Camila Cristina et al. Immunophenotyping and gene rearrangement analysis in lymphoid/lymphoproliferative disorders of the lungs. J. bras. pneumol. [online]. 2007, vol.33, n.6, pp.625-634. ISSN 1806-3756.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the usefulness, in routine practice, of using polymerase chain reaction to analyze B and T lymphocyte clonality in pulmonary tissue as a tool for the diagnosis of pulmonary lymphoproliferative disorders. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry and molecular gene rearrangement analysis were performed in order to assess 8 cases of lymphoid interstitial pneumonia (LIP) and 7 cases of pulmonary lymphoproliferative disorders. RESULTS: All 8 cases of LIP presented moderate to strong immunostaining for CD3, compared with only 2 cases of lymphoma and 1 case of pseudolymphoma (p = 0.02). Gene rearrangement was detected in 4 of the 8 cases, which changed the diagnosis from LIP to lymphoma, showing the importance of gene rearrangement detection in cases of LIP. In this situation, gene rearrangement using the VH/JH and Vg11/Jg12 primer pairs was detected in 3 cases and 1 case, respectively, and no gene abnormalities were found using the Db1/Jb2 and Vg101/Jg12 primer pairs in any of the cases. A significant positive association was found between the intensity of CD20 and CD68 expression and gene rearrangement using the VH/JH primer pair. Prior to the gene rearrangement, 4 patients with LIP died quickly, whereas only one patient with LIP died after the gene rearrangement. CONCLUSIONS: Detection of monoclonal B and T cells by immunophenotyping and polymerase chain reaction had an impact on the diagnosis of pulmonary lymphomas in patients previously diagnosed with LIP. Therefore, immunophenotyping and polymerase chain reaction should be used as 'gold standard' techniques in routine practice.

Keywords : Lymphoma; Lung diseases, interstitial; Molecular biology; Polymerase chain reaction.

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