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Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-3756
IBIAPINA, Cássio da Cunha et al. Allergic Rhinitis: epidemiological aspects, diagnosis and treatment. J. bras. pneumol. [online]. 2008, vol.34, n.4, pp. 230-240. ISSN 1806-3756. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-37132008000400008.
This study was a review of the literature on the epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of allergic rhinitis. Bibliographic searches were based on the information contained within the Medline, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature and HighWire databases, covering the last thirty years and using the following search terms: 'allergic rhinitis', 'epidemiology', 'diagnosis' and 'treatment'. Sixty articles were selected. This study describes the increase in the prevalence of allergic rhinitis, its relationship with asthma, the diagnostic criteria and the treatment. The classification of allergic rhinitis and strategies for its treatment are presented. Therapeutic modalities presented and discussed include the administration of antihistamines, corticosteroids, immunotherapy, anti-leukotrienes, sodium cromoglycate and anti-IgE antibodies, as well as minimizing exposure to inhaled allergens. Finally, the importance of the management of allergic rhinitis in public health is emphasized.
Keywords : Rhinitis [therapy]; Hypersensitivity; Epidemiology; Diagnosis.