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Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-3756
FONSECA, Vitor Alexandre Oliveira et al. A rare case of co-infection with pulmonary tuberculosis and oronasal actinomycosis. J. bras. pneumol. [online]. 2009, vol.35, n.11, pp. 1152-1155. ISSN 1806-3756. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-37132009001100014.
Oronasal actinomycosis is an infection seldom described in the literature, especially in the form of a co-infection with pulmonary tuberculosis. We report the case of a 48-year-old male admitted to the isolation ward due to active pulmonary tuberculosis, with a history of diabetes and alcohol abuse. While hospitalized, the patient complained of dysphagia and nasal regurgitation of food. The examination of the oral cavity revealed an oronasal fistula. The infecting agent was identified, and the treatment was successful. We also present a brief review of the literature, as well as a full description and discussion of the process of investigating this rare clinical case.
Keywords : Actinomycosis, cervicofacial; Tuberculosis, pulmonary; Oral fistula.