Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia
Print version ISSN 1806-3713
SAMANO, Marcos Naoyuki et al. Lung hyperinflation after single lung transplantation to treat emphysema. J. bras. pneumol. [online]. 2010, vol.36, n.2, pp. 265-269. ISSN 1806-3713. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-37132010000200017.
Despite preventive measures, lung hyperinflation is a relatively common complication following single lung transplantation to treat pulmonary emphysema. The progressive compression of the graft can cause mediastinal shift and respiratory failure. In addition to therapeutic strategies such as independent ventilation, the treatment consists of the reduction of native lung volume by means of lobectomy or lung volume reduction surgery. We report two cases of native lung hyperinflation after single lung transplantation. Both cases were treated by means of lobectomy or lung volume reduction surgery.
Keywords : Lung transplantation; Postoperative complications; Pulmonary emphysema; Pneumonectomy.