Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia
Print version ISSN 1806-3713
LEMOS, Andrea et al. Respiratory muscle strength: comparison between primigravidae and nulligravidae. J. bras. pneumol. [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.2, pp. 193-199. ISSN 1806-3713. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-37132011000200009.
OBJECTIVE: To describe and to compare MIP and MEP in primigravidae and nulligravidae in the 20-29 year age bracket and paired by age. METHODS: We included 120 primigravidae with low obstetric risk (5th-40th week of gestation) and 40 nulligravidae. All of the participants were of normal weight and none exercised regularly. All were recruited from the metropolitan area of Recife, Brazil. Measurements of MIP and MEP were obtained from RV and TLC, respectively, with a digital manometer. We used Student's t-test to compare the two groups, and we used multiple linear regression in order to determine whether group or chronological age correlated with MIP or MEP. RESULTS: In the primigravida and nulligravida groups, the mean MIP values were 88.50 ± 16.52 cmH2O and 94.22 ± 22.63 cmH2O, respectively, (p = 0.08), whereas the mean MEP values were 99.76 ±18.19 cmH2O and 98.67 ± 20.78 cmH2O (p = 0.75). Gestational age did not correlate with MIP (r = -0.06; p = 0.49) or MEP (r = -0.11; p = 0.22). The relationship between chronological age and MIP/MEP did not differ between primigravidae and nulligravidae (angular coefficient = 0.028 and 0.453, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Within this sample of women in the 20-29 year age bracket, the respiratory pressures of primigravidae remained stable during pregnancy and did not differ significantly from those of nulligravidae.
Keywords : Pregnancy; Respiratory function tests; Muscle strength.