Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia
Print version ISSN 1806-3713
BURITY, Edjane Figueiredo et al. Early termination of exhalation: effect on spirometric parameters in healthy preschool children. J. bras. pneumol. [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.4, pp. 464-470. ISSN 1806-3713. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-37132011000400008.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the acceptability and reproducibility of spirometry in preschool children; to estimate the effect size of early termination of exhalation (ETE) on FVC, FEV1 and FEV0.5; and to evaluate the validity of FEV0.5 in curves with ETE. METHODS: Spirometric data were obtained from 240 healthy preschool children, who were selected by simple sampling. On the basis of the best curve from each child according to the end of exhalation, three groups were formed: no ETE (nETE); ETE and flow < 10% of the highest PEF (ETE<10); and ETE and flow > 10% of the highest PEF value (ETE>10). The reproducibility of FVC, FEV1 and FEV0.5 was compared among the three groups. The effect of ETE on FVC, FEV1, and FEV0.5 was assessed. RESULTS: Of the 240 children tested, 112 (46.5%)-82 (34.0%) of those in the nETE group and 30 (12.5%) of those in the ETE<10 group-had acceptable curves for all the parameters. In 64 (27.0%) of those in the ETE>10 group, the curves were acceptable only for FEV0.5, increasing the proportion of children with valid FEV0.5 to 73.0%. There were no significant differences between the nETE and ETE<10 groups in terms of the mean values of the parameters assessed. CONCLUSIONS: Maneuvers with ETE and flow < 10% of the highest PEF are valid. In individuals with a flow > 10% of the highest PEF value, these maneuvers are only valid for FEV0.5.
Keywords : Spirometry; Child, preschool; Vital capacity; Forced expiratory volume; Reproducibility of results.