Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia
Print version ISSN 1806-3713
AMORIM, Pollyana Garcia et al. Factors associated with complications of community-acquired pneumonia in preschool children. J. bras. pneumol. [online]. 2012, vol.38, n.5, pp. 614-621. ISSN 1806-3713. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-37132012000500011.
OBJECTIVE: To identify socioeconomic factors and clinical factors associated with the development of complications in preschool children hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: This was a prospective longitudinal study involving children (12-59 months of age) diagnosed with CAP and admitted to the pediatric wards of two hospitals in the metropolitan area of Campinas, Brazil. Children with cystic fibrosis, heart disease, pulmonary malformations, neurological disorders, or genetic diseases were excluded. The diagnosis of CAP was based on clinical and radiological findings. Data were collected from the medical records and with a semi-structured questionnaire. The subjects were divided into two groups (complicated and uncomplicated CAP). Socioeconomic and clinical variables were compared, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: Of the 63 children included, 29 and 34, respectively, presented with uncomplicated and complicated CAP. No statistically significant differences were found between the groups regarding age at admission, gestational age, birth weight, gender, or socioeconomic variables. Significant differences were found between the groups regarding history of pneumonia (p = 0.03), previous antibiotic therapy (p = 0.004), time elapsed since the onset of CAP (p = 0.01), duration of fever prior to admission (p < 0.001), duration of antibiotic therapy (p < 0.001), and length of hospital stay (p < 0.001). In the multivariate analysis, only duration of fever prior to admission remained in the model (OR = 1.97; 95% CI: 1.36-2.84; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Biological variables, especially duration of fever prior to admission, appear to be associated with the development of complications in children with CAP.
Keywords : Community-acquired infections; Pneumonia; Pleural Effusion.