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Sur. Revista Internacional de Direitos Humanos
On-line version ISSN 1983-3342
VEGA GONZALEZ, Paulina. The role of victims in International Criminal Court proceedings: their rights and the first rulings of the Court. Sur, Rev. int. direitos human. [online]. 2006, vol.3, n.5, pp. 18-41. ISSN 1983-3342. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-64452006000200003.
The International Criminal Court (ICC) offers an innovative and complex system of justice that takes into account the rights of victims. Although these rights may not be absolute, since they are subject to the guarantees of a fair and impartial trial, the Court recognizes victims as legitimate parties in its proceedings. Nevertheless, this system represents a sizable challenge that the Court has already faced in its early investigations and at the outset of its first case. Throughout this paper, I shall explain the role of victims in the ICC's criminal justice system, their rights established in the Statute and other regulations governing the proceedings of the Court, as well as the Court's interpretations of them in its first rulings. Furthermore, I shall clarify the framework established by the Court to fulfill this important mandate.
Keywords : International Criminal Court; Victims; Rights of Victims; Right to Participation; Right to Protection; Right to Reparations.