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Sur. Revista Internacional de Direitos Humanos
Print version ISSN 1806-6445
PRASAD, Devika. Strengthening democratic policing and accountability in the Commonwealth Pacific. Sur, Rev. int. direitos human. [online]. 2006, vol.3, n.5, pp. 110-135. ISSN 1806-6445. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-64452006000200006.
Nine island countries make up the Commonwealth Pacific - Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. Across the region, issues around policing and importantly police reform are key governance priorities, as well as being human rights concerns. Policing in this particular region contends with large geographical distances within countries often spread over many islands, heterogeneous societies, violent crime, and sporadic political crises. The police must be equipped to meet these myriad challenges in support of democracy and human rights. This paper seeks ways to strengthen democratic policing in Commonwealth Pacific countries, by examining accountability over the police in particular. It outlines the legal frameworks, and institutional processes and mechanisms already in place to hold the police accountable - a key element of democratic policing. Focusing mainly on police accountability, the aim of this paper is to describe how entrenched democratic policing is in the countries of the region, and also highlights strategies to better solidify democratic policing.
Keywords : Accountability; Human Rights; Democratic Policing.