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Sur. Revista Internacional de Direitos Humanos
On-line version ISSN 1983-3342
CANO, Ignacio. Public security policies in Brazil: attempts to modernize and democratize versus the war on crime. Sur, Rev. int. direitos human. [online]. 2006, vol.3, n.5, pp. 136-155. ISSN 1983-3342. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-64452006000200007.
In the 1980s and 1990s, violent crime in Brazil rose markedly and the issue of public security took center stage on the social and political agenda. The current scenario shows the failure of traditional policies to control crime and violence, which are generally reactive, militarized and repression-based. Many shortcomings could be identified in the traditional model: a lack of planning and of investment, flawed training, an authoritarian legacy, human rights abuses, institutional corruption, and so on. Despite this many supporters of the traditional paradigm continue to advocate not only its continuation but also the intensification of old policies, which are half-hearted, according to them. In addition to this failing but nonetheless prevailing model, several innovative initiatives have arisen within Brazil on several levels, some of which are identified and analyzed in this article. These examples should inform reflection on how a new democratic public security paradigm could be set up in Brazil.
Keywords : Democratic Public Security; Crime Prevention; Human Rights.