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Revista Ciência Agronômica

On-line version ISSN 1806-6690

Abstract

CAMPOS, Milton César Costa et al. Interference of the pedoenvironment on soil properties in a topossenquence of the Grassland/Forest transition. Rev. Ciênc. Agron. [online]. 2010, vol.41, n.4, pp.527-535. ISSN 1806-6690.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-66902010000400004.

The pedoenvironmental conditions promote changes in soil properties, so the aim of this work was to study Interference of the pedoenvironment on soil properties in a topossequence of the Grassland/Forest transition in the Humaitá region, AM. Was picked up a topossequence characteristic sequence Grassland/Forest, then a pathway was established, from a field environment to the natural forest environment. These pedoambients were identified and defined as the expression patterns of vegetation. Were collected 20 samples at the representative side of the profiles in each one of the pedoambiental units of the topossequence (top grassland: 0.0-14 and 0.30-0.66 m;low grassland : 0.0-0.15 and 0.27-0.80 m; ecotone zone: 0.0-0.15 and 0.32-0.50 m; forest: 0.0-0.15 m 0.67-100 as a total of 80 samples) being the criteria for sampling depths the coincidence with the surface and subsurface diagnostic horizons determined by the morphological description of the profiles. Were performed physical analysis of texture, clay dispersion and flocculation, soil bulk density and particle porosity and hydraulic conductivity. In the chemical analysis were determined pH in water and KCl, Ca, Mg, K, Na and Al contents, available P, H + Al and organic carbon. The physical and chemical soil were dependent on the pedoambients. With the use of multivariate statistical techniques was possible to distinguish three different environments that are equivalent to three pedoambients.

Keywords : Soils of Amazon; Native Grassland; Pedogenesis.

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