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Revista Ciência Agronômica

On-line version ISSN 1806-6690

Abstract

BEZERRA, Maria Eloneide de Jesus et al. Biomass, microbial activity and AMF in crop rotation system of maize/cowpea using saline water. Rev. Ciênc. Agron. [online]. 2010, vol.41, n.4, pp.562-570. ISSN 1806-6690.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-66902010000400008.

This work carred out the influence of irrigation with water of high and low salinity on soil microbial variables in area under the crop rotation between maize (Zea Mays L.) and cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.). The area for the experiment was divided into two sub areas being made four crops, two crops irrigated in the dry season and two dry in the rainy season. The study was conducted under field conditions using a randomized block design with five replications. In irrigated crops were used the following water with electrical conductivity (ECw): 0.8; 2.2; 3.6 and 5.0 dS m-1. The rainfed crops were conducted on the same plots that were cultivated during the dry season, which remained demarcated and identified. At the beginning and end of each crop were collected samples in two subareas in the region of root system plant, in the middle third of the central row of each plot. Increasing of salinity in irrigation water led to increase in the total number of spores and reduced soil basal respiration, biomass carbon and microbial metabolic coefficient (qCO2), mainly in the area cultivated with cowpea. The genus Glomus accounted for more than 70% of total spores found, and this percentage increased in treatments with high salinity in dry season crops. The data reveal no residual negative effect of salinity on the microbial variables assessed in function irrigation with saline water during the dry season crops.

Keywords : Salt stress; Zea Mays L; Vigna unguiculata L; Microrganisms.

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