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Revista Ciência Agronômica

versão On-line ISSN 1806-6690

Resumo

WILLADINO, Lilia et al. Salinity stress in two varieties of sugar cane: enzymes of the antioxidant system and chlorophyll fluorescence. Rev. Ciênc. Agron. [online]. 2011, vol.42, n.2, pp.417-422. ISSN 1806-6690.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1806-66902011000200022.

Brazil is seen as being the largest producer of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) and of mastering all stages in the production of sugar and ethanol. Currently this production is being expanded into the semi-arid regions of Brazil, where there are soil-types prone to salinity. This study aimed to evaluate the response to salinity in two sugarcane genotypes, RB867515 and RB863129. Salinity caused an increase in chlorophyll fluorescence and a reduction of chlorophyll concentration in both varieties. The reduction of chlorophyll however was higher in RB867515. In this same type, an increase in the activity of ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and catalase (CAT) was observed, while in genotype RB863129 there was a reduction in the activity of these two enzymes. These results show that RB867515 has a mechanism which better protects the plant against damage to the photochemical system and the action of reactive oxygen species, particularly H2O2.

Palavras-chave : Chlorophyll fluorescence; Peroxidase; Catalase; Saccharum officinarum.

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