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Revista Ciência Agronômica

On-line version ISSN 1806-6690

Abstract

VINCENSI, Marion Martins; ARAUJO, Érica de Oliveira; KIKUTI, Hamilton  and  CAMACHO, Marcos Antonio. Soil management and nitrogen fertilization on weed suppression on winter irrigated common bean. Rev. Ciênc. Agron. [online]. 2011, vol.42, n.3, pp.758-764. ISSN 1806-6690.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1806-66902011000300023.

The objective of this work was to evaluate the different roof plants and soil nitrogen fertilization in weed suppression on winter irrigated common bean. The experimental scheme used was randomized blocks in subdivided parcels, consisting on four blocks and four replications Soil management coverage was used within the plots (millet, crotalaria juncea, without coverage and spontaneous vegetation).Subplots used the presence and absence of nitrogen,on coverage,at 20 DAE .Dry and wet weight of the plants were evaluated before incorporation into the soil. After 35 days of the emergence of the bean plant, were assessed the dry mass, the number of species, the number of total weeds per m2 and the percentage of weed incidence (visual observations). The results have shown that the soil with crotalaria gave greater suppression on weeds, due to the amount of mass in the soil. The fertilization in coverage influenced significantly the production of dry mass of weeds. The accelerated release of nitrogen by crotalaria favors the occurrence and establishment of some species of weeds, giving high competitiveness on the part of the weed and consequently favoring dry mass production.

Keywords : Phaseolus vulgaris L.; Nitrogen; Weed cultural management.

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