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Revista Ciência Agronômica
On-line version ISSN 1806-6690
SILVA, Hernani Alves da et al. Maize and soybeans production in integrated system under no-tillage with different pasture combinations and animal categories. Rev. Ciênc. Agron. [online]. 2012, vol.43, n.4, pp.757-765. ISSN 1806-6690. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-66902012000400018.
The adoption of no-till system (NTS) combined with crop-livestock integration (CLI) has been a strategy promoted in Brazil, aiming to maximize areas yield and increase agribusiness profitability. This study aimed to evaluate grains yield and phytotechnical attributes from maize and soybean culture by CLI system under NTS after winter annual pure and diversified pastures with the absence or presence of grazing animals. The experiment was installed in Castro (Paraná State, Brazil) on in a dystrophic Humic Rhodic Hapludox with a clay texture, using experimental design of randomized complete blocks in 4 x 2 factorial scheme with three replications. Treatments included four pasture combinations (diversified or pure) and animal categories (light and heavy) subjected or not to grazing animals during the winter. During 2008/09 and 2009/10 summers, the area was cultivated with soybeans and maize, respectively, with yield assessment of grains and phytotechnical attributes. Treatments did not alter the yield and weight of a thousand seeds (WTS) of soybeans. In maize culture, the grazing animal during the winter increased the plant population and grains yield, but gave slight decrease in WTS. Pasture combinations (diversified or pure) and animal categories (light and heavy) did not interfere in soybean culture, but benefited the maize crop.
Keywords : Zea mays L; Glycine max (L.); merrill; crop-livestock system integration; conservationist agriculture.