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Revista Ciência Agronômica

versão On-line ISSN 1806-6690

Resumo

ARTUR, Adriana Guirado; GARCEZ, Tiago Barreto  e  MONTEIRO, Francisco Antonio. Water use efficiency of marandu palisadegrass as affected by nitrogen and sulphur rates. Rev. Ciênc. Agron. [online]. 2014, vol.45, n.1, pp.10-17. ISSN 1806-6690.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-66902014000100002.

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of combination of nitrogen and sulphur fertilizations on water consumption and water use efficiency by marandu palisadegrass (Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu). The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse, using a Typic Quartzipsamment. Five nitrogen rates (0; 100; 200; 300 and 400 mg dm-3) were combined with five sulphur rates (0; 10; 20; 30 and 40 mg dm-3) in a fractionated 52 factorial, with four replications. The leaf area was harvested three times at intervals of approximately 30 days. Soil moisture was maintained at 70% of capacity retention through a self-irrigating system. There was an increase in consumption and water use efficiency by the forage grass due to the supply of nitrogen and sulphur. Nitrogen fertilization increased the consumption and efficiency of water use in the first growth period (35 days after the transplanting of seedlings). Nitrogen and sulphur supply were more effective in increasing water consumption in the third growth period. For water use efficiency this fact was observed in the second and third growth periods of the Marandu palisadegrass.

Palavras-chave : Marandu palisadegrass; Plants and water; Plants-nitrogen effect; Plants-sulphur effects.

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