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Revista Ciência Agronômica

versão On-line ISSN 1806-6690

Resumo

BEZERRA NETO, Francisco et al. Agronomic and economic optimization of the carrot when fertilized with different dosages of jitarana. Rev. Ciênc. Agron. [online]. 2014, vol.45, n.2, pp.305-311. ISSN 1806-6690.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1806-66902014000200011.

The use of spontaneous species of the Caatinga biome for green manure has been an important option in the production of vegetables, where the intention is to achieve a balance between increasing crop productivity and exploitation of the environment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use as green manure of different dosages of hairy woodrose, known locally as jitirana, on the agronomic and economic development of the monocropped carrot. The study was carried out at Fazenda Rafael Fernandes Farm, in the district of Alagoinha, in the State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, from November of 2010 to February of 2011. The experimental design was of randomized blocks with four treatments and four replications. Treatments consisted of the following dosages of jitirana: 7.5, 15, 22.5 and 30 t ha-1 dry weight. The carrot cultivar sown was 'Brasilia'. The evaluated characteristics were: plant height, number of stems per plant, dry weight of the shoots and roots, marketable and total root yield and classified root yield. The economic indicators, gross income, net income, rate of return and profitability index, were also evaluated. The agronomic and economic performance of the monocropped carrot is optimized when incorporating 13 t ha-1 jitirana into the soil. Cultivation of the carrot is agriculturally and economically viable when using jitirana as green manure.

Palavras-chave : Daucus carota; Green manure; Spontaneous species; Agronomic and economic performance.

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