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Revista Ciência Agronômica

Print version ISSN 0045-6888On-line version ISSN 1806-6690


BOMFIM, Guilherme Vieira do et al. Methods of application and dosages of insecticides for Aphis gossypii (Glover) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in the yellow melon. Rev. Ciênc. Agron. [online]. 2015, vol.46, n.3, pp.488-496. ISSN 0045-6888.

In order to perfect the phytosanitary management of pests in the melon crop (Cucumis melo L.), the aim here was to evaluate the effects of different methods of application and dosages of insecticides on the effectiveness of chemical control of the aphid A. gossypii. The experiment was carried out in 2010, in Fortaleza, in the state of Ceará, Brazil, with yellow melon grown under field conditions. The experimental design was of randomised blocks in a 2 x 4 factorial arrangement, with four replications and lots of six plants. Treatments consisted of two methods of application (manual backpack spray and drip insectigation) and four dosages of insecticide (0, 50, 100 and 200% of the dosage recommended by the manufacturer). The insecticides acephate and thiamethoxam, tested separately, were applied in a rotating management of chemical groups. Efficiency of the control was evaluated seven days after the use of each insecticide. The acephate showed no significant difference between the forms of application, reaching control efficiencies of 88.95 and 84.09% with 100 and 200% of the recommended dose respectively. The thiamethoxam did not differ significantly for the application methods and dosages under test, giving 100% efficiency in all treatments. Currently in Brazil the use of acephate in the melon is limited to mechanised application due to the risk of contamination. Because of this limitation, the control of aphids in yellow melon can be carried out via drip insectigation or backsack spray, with preferably 100% of the recommended dose of thiamethoxam.

Keywords : Cucumis melo L.; Aphid; Leaf spraying; Chemigation.

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