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Revista Ciência Agronômica

Print version ISSN 0045-6888On-line version ISSN 1806-6690

Abstract

PEREIRA JUNIOR, Lécio Resende et al. Carbon stocks in a tropical dry forest in Brazil. Rev. Ciênc. Agron. [online]. 2016, vol.47, n.1, pp.32-40. ISSN 0045-6888.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/1806-6690.20160004.

The dry forests are the type most widely distributed vegetation in the tropics, and studies aimed at quantifying the carbon stock in these forests are important for it to be quantified their participation as mitigating the effects of climate change. With that in mind, the aim of this research was to quantify the carbon stocks in the woody, herbaceous, litter and root components of a patch of dry tropical forest, with 30 years of regeneration in Iguatu-CE, Brazil. Initially the vegetation was inventoried by means of a floristic and phytosociological survey of the woody component in a 1 ha area which had been under conservation. The biomass was then estimated employing allometric equations, and the stored carbon was quantified. Stocks of carbon in the litter and the herbaceous plants were determined by monitoring their biomass over 24 months, with subsequent conversion into carbon. Carbon stocks in the roots were estimated as the product of their biomass and carbon concentrations, for this were collected 20 samples at a depth of up to 30 cm deep in the dry and rainy season. It was found that the carbon content varies with the chamber and evaluated by adding carbon stored in woody compartments (19,27 t ha-1) litter (2.62 t ha-1) plants herbaceous (0.57 t ha-1) and roots (4.73 t ha-1), the total carbon stored in the dry tropical forest with 30 years of regeneration is around 27.19 t C ha-1. The dry tropical forest acts effectively in reducing CO2 atmospheric.

Keywords : Semi-arid; Caatinga; Biomass.

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