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Revista Ciência Agronômica

Print version ISSN 0045-6888On-line version ISSN 1806-6690

Abstract

MIRANDA, Cíntia Alvarenga Santos Fraga et al. Essential oils from leaves of various species: antioxidant and antibacterial properties on growth in pathogenic species. Rev. Ciênc. Agron. [online]. 2016, vol.47, n.1, pp.213-220. ISSN 0045-6888.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/1806-6690.20160025.

Essential oils can be employed in the food, drinks, toiletry and cosmetics industries to prevent or reduce lipid deterioration and contamination by microorganisms. The aim of this work was to evaluate the functional antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of essential oils of fresh leaves from Coniza bonariensis, Parthenium hysterophorus, Tithonia diversifolia, Ambrosia polystachya, Hedychium coronarium and Baccharis dracunculifolia, extracted by hydrodistillation. The methodologies used for assessing antioxidant potential were consumption of the DPPH radical and oxidation inhibition of the β-carotene/linoleic acid system. Sensitivity of the bacteria Salmonella cholerasuis, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli to the essential oils was determined using the agar-well diffusion method. The essential oils were noteworthy for their high terpenoid content. None of the essential oils assessed by DPPH radical sequestration presented significant IC50. Using β-carotene/linoleic acid methodology, the essential oils of T. diversifolia and H. coronarium showed no significant activity, and C. bonariensis, P. hysterophorus, A. polystachya and B. dracunculifolia showed IC50 greater than the highest concentration evaluated. The essential oils of C. bonariensis, T. diversifolia, H. coronarium and B. dracunculifolia displayed antibacterial activity for gram-negative and grampositive bacteria, with the exception of the volatile oil of P. hysterophorus, which did not inhibit growth in any of the bacterial strains tested. The essential oil of A. polystachya displayed antibacterial activity only for strains of S. aureus.

Keywords : Volatile oils; Microorganisms; Oxidation.

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