Brazilian Oral Research
On-line version ISSN 1807-3107
SERRA, Mônica Campos; MESSIAS, Danielle Cristine Furtado and TURSSI, Cecilia Pedroso. Control of erosive tooth wear: possibilities and rationale. Braz. oral res. [online]. 2009, vol.23, suppl.1, pp. 49-55. ISSN 1807-3107. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-83242009000500008.
Dental erosion is a type of wear caused by non bacterial acids or chelation. There is evidence of a significant increase in the prevalence of dental wear in the deciduous and permanent teeth as a consequence of the frequent intake of acidic foods and drinks, or due to gastric acid which may reach the oral cavity following reflux or vomiting episodes. The presence of acids is a prerequisite for dental erosion, but the erosive wear is complex and depends on the interaction of biological, chemical and behavioral factors. Even though erosion may be defined or described as an isolated process, in clinical situations other wear phenomena are expected to occur concomitantly, such as abrasive wear (which occurs, e.g, due to tooth brushing or mastication). In order to control dental loss due to erosive wear it is crucial to take into account its multifactorial nature, which predisposes some individuals to the condition.
Keywords : Tooth erosion [prevention & control]; Preventive dentistry.