Brazilian Oral Research
versão On-line ISSN 1807-3107
CUNHA, Amanda Carneiro da; MARQUEZAN, Mariana; FREITAS, Amanda Osório Ayres de e NOJIMA, Lincoln Issamu. Frictional resistance of orthodontic wires tied with 3 types of elastomeric ligatures. Braz. oral res. [online]. 2011, vol.25, n.6, pp.526-530. Epub 14-Out-2011. ISSN 1807-3107. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-83242011005000015.
The aims of this study were to determine and compare frictional resistance obtained by low-friction and conventional elastomeric ligatures in the presence of artificial saliva, and observe whether this variable changed after 21 days. Super Slick® low-friction elastomeric ligatures and conventional ligatures of the brands TP conventional® and Unitek® were placed on standard edgewise maxillary central incisor metal brackets, slot .022" × .028" tying rectangular orthodontic wires .018" × .025". Three experimental groups were arranged according to the type of ligature and a control group in which no wires were used. The friction values obtained between the bracket/wire/ligature set were measured using a Universal Test Machine at a speed of 20 mm/minute, at two experimental time intervals: T0 - immediately after specimen fabrication; and T1 - 21 days after fabrication and immersion in artificial saliva at 37 ºC. Conventional Unitek ligatures and the low-friction ligature (Super Slick) showed the lowest friction values at T0. After 21 days (T1), however, conventional Unitek ligatures presented the lowest value. All groups assessed from T0 to T1 showed a numerical reduction in friction values, suggesting that time, heat and humidity may cause elastic degradation, however this was not verified statistically (P > 0.05).
Palavras-chave : Friction; Saliva; Artificial; Orthodontics.