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Brazilian Oral Research
On-line version ISSN 1807-3107
MAZZO, Carla Rodrigues; REIS, Andréa Cândido dos; SHIMANO, Antonio Carlos and VALENTE, Mariana Lima da Costa. In vitro analysis of the influence of surface treatment of dental implants on primary stability. Braz. oral res. [online]. 2012, vol.26, n.4, pp.313-317. Epub May 17, 2012. ISSN 1807-3107. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-83242012005000006.
Surface treatment interferes with the primary stability of dental implants because it promotes a chemical and micromorphological change on the surface and thus stimulates osseointegration. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different surface treatments on primary stability by analyzing insertion torque (IT) and pullout force (PF). Eight samples of implants with different surface treatments (TS - external hexagon with acid surface treatment; and MS - external hexagon, machined surface), all 3.75 mm in diameter X 11.5 mm in length, were inserted into segments of artificial bones. The IT of each sample was measured by an electronic torquemeter, and then the pullout test was done with a universal testing machine. The results were subjected to ANOVA (p < 0.05), followed by Tukey's test (p < 0.05). The IT results showed no statistically significant difference, since the sizes of the implants used were very similar, and the bone used was not highly resistant. The PF values (N) were, respectively, TS = 403.75 ± 189.80 and MS = 276.38 ± 110.05. The implants were shown to be different in terms of the variables of maximum force (F = 4.401, p = 0.0120), elasticity in maximum flexion (F = 3.672, p = 0.024), and relative stiffness (F = 4.60, p = 0.01). In this study, external hexagonal implants with acid surface treatment showed the highest values of pullout strength and better stability, which provide greater indication for their use.
Keywords : Dental Implantation; Osseointegration; Tensile strength; Torque.