Computational & Applied Mathematics
On-line version ISSN 1807-0302
COSTANZA, Vicente; TROPAREVSKY, Maria I. and RIVADENEIRA, Pablo S.. Numerical solution of the variational PDEs arising in optimal control theory. Comput. Appl. Math. [online]. 2012, vol.31, n.1, pp. 37-58. ISSN 1807-0302. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1807-03022012000100003.
An iterative method based on Picard's approach to ODEs' initial-value problems is proposed to solve first-order quasilinear PDEs with matrix-valued unknowns, in particular, the recently discovered variational PDEs for the missing boundary values in Hamilton equations of optimal control. As illustrations the iterative numerical solutions are checked against the analytical solutions to some examples arising from optimal control problems for nonlinear systems and regular Lagrangians in finite dimension, and against the numerical solution obtained through standard mathematical software. An application to the (n + 1)-dimensional variational PDEs associated with the n-dimensional finite-horizon time-variant linear-quadratic problem is discussed, due to the key role the LQR plays in two-degrees-of freedom control strategies for nonlinear systems with generalized costs. Mathematical subject classification: Primary: 35F30; Secondary: 93C10.
Keywords : numerical methods; first-order PDEs; nonlinear systems; optimal control; Hamiltonian equations; boundary-value problems.